See also Editorial by Ageno et al.
Y. I. G. V. Tichelaar (1), H. J. C. Kluin-Nelemans (1), K. Meijer (1)
(1) Department of Hematology, Division of Hemostasis and Thrombosis, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands
Risk Factors, Venous thrombosis, Infections, inflammatory diseases
Inflammation and venous thrombosis are intertwined. Only in the recent 15 years clinical epidemiological studies have focussed on inflammatory or infectious diseases as risk factors for venous thrombosis. Although a few reviews and many case reports or studies on these topic has been written, a review reporting relative or absolute risks for venous thrombosis has not been published yet. We performed a systematic review using Medline, Pubmed and Embase and found 31 eligible articles. Inflammatory bowel disease, ANCA-associated vasculitis, infections in general and more specifically, human immunodeficiency virus, pneumonia and urinary tract infections are associated with an increased risk of venous thrombosis.
Elisabeth R. Pomp1, Frits R. Rosendaal1–3, Carine J. M. Doggen1
Thromb Haemost 2008 99 1: 59-63
Willem M. Lijfering1, Michiel Coppens2, Marlène H. W. van de Poel1, Saskia Middeldorp2, Karly Hamulyák3, Ivan Bank2, Nic J. G. M. Veeger1, Martin H. Prins4, Harry R. Büller2, Jan van der Meer1
Thromb Haemost 2007 98 2: 457-563
P. A. Kyrle
Hämostaseologie 2006 26 1: 52-54