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Thrombin generation using the calibrated automated thrombinoscope to assess reversibility of dabigatran and rivaroxaban

Journal: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
ISSN: 0340-6245
Topic:

Theme Issue
New oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1160/TH13-07-0607
Issue: 2014: 111/5(May) pp. 781-1006
Pages: 989-995
Ahead of Print: 2013-12-19

Thrombin generation using the calibrated automated thrombinoscope to assess reversibility of dabigatran and rivaroxaban

R. Herrmann (1, 2), J. Thom (2), A. Wood (2), M. Phillips (3), S. Muhammad (2), R. Baker (4, 5)

(1) School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia; (2) Department of Haematology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia; (3) Biostatistician, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research, Perth, Australia; (4) Thrombosis and Haemophilia Centre, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia; (5) Centre for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Institute of Immunological and Infectious Diseases, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia

Keywords

anticoagulants, thrombin generation, rivaroxaban, dabigatran, reversal

Summary

The new direct-acting anticoagulants such as dabigatran and rivaroxaban are usually not monitored but may be associated with haemorrhage, particularly where renal impairment occurs. They have no effective “antidotes”. We studied 17 patients receiving dabigatran 150 mg twice daily for non-valvular atrial fibrillation and 15 patients receiving rivaroxaban 10 mg daily for the prevention of deep venous thrombosis after hip or knee replacement surgery. We assessed the effect of these drugs on commonly used laboratory tests and Calibrated Automated Thrombogram (CAT) using plasma samples. We also assessed effects in fresh whole blood citrated patient samples using thromboelastography on the TEG and the ROTEM. The efficacy of nonspecific haemostatic agents prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC), Factor VIII Inhibitor By-passing Activity (FEIBA) and recombinant activated factor VII (rVIIa) were tested by reversal of abnormal thrombin generation using the CAT. Concentrations added ex vivo were chosen to reflect doses normally given in vivo. Dabigatran significantly increased the dynamic parameters of the TEG and ROTEM and the lag time of the CAT. It significantly reduced the endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) and reduced the peak height of the CAT. Rivaroxaban did not affect the TEG and ROTEM parameters but did increase the lag time and reduce ETP and peak height of the CAT. For both drugs, these parameters were significantly and meaningfully corrected by PCC and FEIBA and to a lesser but still significant extent by rFVIIa. These results may be useful in devising a reversal strategy in patients but clinical experience will be needed to verify them.

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