Simone Bergmann, Sven Hammerschmidt
Max von Pettenkofer Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Munich, Germany
The plasminogen activation system is part of the fibrinolysis which is tightly regulated and protected against dysfunction by various activators and inhibitors. However, microorganisms including bacteria, fungi and also parasites have been proven to interact in a specific manner with components of the fibrinolytic pathways. Pathogenic bacteria are capable to subvert the function of proteases, activators or inhibitors for their own benefits including dissemination within the host and evasion of host inflammatory immune response. Here, we provide a state of the art overview of the divers strategies employed by bacteria to interact with components of the fibrinolytic system and to exploit the system for invasion. Moreover, the role of factors of the fibrinolytic cascade in inflammatory host response due to different bacterial infections will be presented.