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Complement activation in patients with isolated antiphospholipid antibodies or primary antiphospholipid syndrome

Journal: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
ISSN: 0340-6245
Issue: 2012: 107/3 (Mar) pp. 397-599
Pages: 423-429

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  3. de Groot PG, Lutters B, Derksen RH, et al. Lupus anticoagulants and the risk of a first episode of deep venous thrombosis. J Thromb Haemost 2005; 3: 1993-1997. DOI:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2005.01485.x
  4. Thurman JM, Holers VM. The central role of the alternative complement pathway in human disease. J Immunol 2006; 176: 1305-1310.
  5. Holers VM, Girardi G, Mo L, et al. Complement C3 activation is required for antiphospholipid antibody-induced fetal loss. J Exp Med 2002; 195: 211-220. DOI:10.1084/jem.200116116
  6. Girardi G, Berman J, Redecha P, Spruce L, Thurman JM, Kraus D, Hollmann TJ, Casali P, Caroll MC, Wetsel RA, Lambris JD, Holers VM, Salmon JE. Complement C5a receptors and neutrophils mediate fetal injury in the antiphospholipid syndrome. J Clin Invest 2003; 112: 1644-1654.
  7. Pierangeli SS, Girardi G, Vega-Ostertag M, et al. Requirement of activation of complement C3 and C5 for antiphospholipid antibody-mediated thrombophilia. Arthritis Rheum 2005; 52: 2120-2124. DOI:10.1002/art.21157
  8. Fischetti F, Durigutto P, Pellis V, et al. Thrombus formation induced by antibodies to beta2-glycoprotein I is complement dependent and requires a priming factor. Blood 2005; 106: 2340-2346. DOI:10.1182/blood-2005-03-1319
  9. Shamonki JM, Salmon JE, Hylek E, et al. Excessive complement activation is associated with placental injury in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2007; 196: 167 e1-5.
  10. Salmon JE, Heuser C, Triebwasser M, et al. Mutations in Complement Regulatory Proteins Predispose to Preeclampsia: A Genetic Analysis of the PROMISSE Cohort. PLoS Med. 8: e1001013.
  11. Oku K, Atsumi T, Bohgaki M, et al. Complement activation in patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Ann Rheum Dis 2009; 68: 1030-1035. DOI:10.1136/ard.2008.090670
  12. Devreese KM, Hoylaerts MF. Is there an association between complement activation and antiphospholipid antibody-related thrombosis? Thromb Haemost 104: 1279-1281.
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  14. Lynch AM, Murphy JR, Byers T, et al. Alternative complement pathway activation fragment Bb in early pregnancy as a predictor of preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008; 198: 385 e1-9.
  15. Pengo V, Tripodi A, Reber G, et al. Update of the guidelines for lupus anticoagulant detection. Subcommittee on Lupus Anticoagulant/Antiphospholipid Antibody of the Scientific and Standardisation Committee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. J Thromb Haemost 2009; 7: 1737-1740. DOI:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2009.03555.x
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  17. Urbanus RT, Siegerink B, Roest M, et al. Antiphospholipid antibodies and risk of myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke in young women in the RATIO study: a case-control study. Lancet Neurol 2009; 8: 998-1005. DOI:10.1016/S1474-4422(09)70239-X
  18. Opatrny L, David M, Kahn SR, et al. Association between antiphospholipid antibodies and recurrent fetal loss in women without autoimmune disease: a metaanalysis. J Rheumatol 2006; 33: 2214-2221.
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  21. Meroni PL, Borghi MO, Raschi E, et al. Pathogenesis of antiphospholipid syndrome: understanding the antibodies. Nat Rev Rheumatol 2011; 7: 330-339. DOI:10.1038/nrrheum.2011.52
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